All about Hyperlipidemia

High cholesterol or hyperlipidemia is a very common condition and anyone can have it. Hyperlipidemia is treatable, but it is usually a lifelong disease. In this article, we’ll be discussing what you need to know about hyperlipidemia.

What is hyperlipidemia?

Hyperlipidemia is the medical term for abnormally high levels of fats (lipids) in the blood, including cholesterol and triglycerides. The most common type of hyperlipidemia is high cholesterol. Other forms of hyperlipidemia include hypertriglyceridemia and mixed hyperlipidemia, in which both cholesterol and triglyceride levels are high. The term covers several disorders that cause excess fat in the blood. You can control some causes of it but not all.

Symptoms of hyperlipidemia

Hyperlipidemia is usually asymptomatic until it progresses to a state where people experience urgent complications, such as heart attack or stroke. A simple blood test will let you and your doctor know your blood cholesterol levels. You should start cholesterol testing at age 20, especially if your family has an early heart attack or a history of heart disease How to Set Favorite Channels on Roku TV.

Testing for hyperlipidemia

The test for hyperlipidemia determines your cholesterol level. Your doctor may ask you to fast for 8 to 12 hours before your blood draw. This means you need to avoid eating or drinking anything but water during this time. Your doctor will take a sample of your blood and send it to a lab for testing, then return a full report to you. Your report will show your levels of the following:

  • Triglycerides
  • Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol
  • High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol
  • Total cholesterol
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How to prevent hyperlipidemia

  1. Switch to a healthy diet

Avoid consuming saturated fat, which is mostly found in red meat, bacon, sausage, and full-fat dairy. Check the ingredients on the product label of the food you eat and skip any products that list “partially hydrogenated oils” and eat more fruits and vegetables. They are high in fiber and vitamins and low in saturated fat.

  • Exercise

Physical activity is important for overall health, weight loss, and cholesterol levels. When you don’t get enough physical activity, your HDL cholesterol levels drop. You only need 40 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise 3 or 4 times a week to lower your total cholesterol levels. The goal should be 150 minutes of total physical activity per week. Simple activities like riding a bike, walking your pet, going to the gym, swimming, and walking up and down stairs instead of riding an elevator can help lower your cholesterol levels.

  • Quit smoking

Smoking lowers your “good” cholesterol levels and raises your triglycerides. Even if you’re not diagnosed with hyperlipidemia, smoking can increase the risk of heart disease. Talk to your doctor about quitting smoking, or you can try nicotine patches. Nicotine patches are available at drugstores.

  • Maintain a healthy weight

Losing weight starts with figuring out how many calories you eat and how many calories you burn. Typically, an adult needs to cut about 3,500 calories from their diet to lose about a pound. Losing weight may help lower total cholesterol levels.

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