Eczema is a skin condition that affects many people and results in itchy, red, dry, and irritated skin. Atopic dermatitis is another name for the disorder.
It often begins in early infancy or childhood and can last throughout adulthood. However, eczema can affect individuals of any age.
Eczema comes in many forms. The type of rash you get and where it appears on your body can vary depending on the type of eczema you have.
What brings on eczema?
The underlying cause of eczema is not completely known. However, scientists believe that the cause is an overactive immune system.
When your skin is exposed to allergens from the outside, your immune system overreacts and eczema often flares up. Below is a list of typical causes of flare-ups.
Researchers have also found that some individuals with eczema do not produce enough of a protein called filaggrin (a fiber-aggregating protein). Your skin depends on this protein to keep it healthy and hydrated.
What causes eczema?
When one or more of the symptoms of eczema appear on the skin and an eczema flare-up occurs. The National Health Service (NHS) reports that studies have revealed that both internal and external variables can influence eczema flare-ups. Typical causes include:
Cleaning and washing products include various additives or preservatives.
- fragrant objects
- tobacco smoke
- external allergens such as dust mites, molds, pollen, or dust
- wool is a rough, scratchy material.
- artificial materials
- temperature changes
- food intolerances
- pet fur
- upper respiratory tract disease
Types of Eczema
Eczema comes in many forms, including the following:
- Atopic dermatitis
- Dry, itchy skin typically has a red rash when atopic dermatitis is present. This type of eczema is the most common.
- Contact dermatitis
- Exposure to anything that irritates the skin or causes an allergic reaction leads to contact dermatitis.
- dermatitis with dyshydria
The soles of the feet, palms, and fingers are affected by dyshidrotic dermatitis. This results in painful, red, scaly, scaly areas of skin that are itchy and scaly.
What are the symptoms of eczema?
Itchy, dry, rough, scaly, inflamed, and irritated skin is the primary symptom of Eczema in TCM Singapore. It may explode, calm down, and then explode again.
Although eczema can appear anywhere, it often affects the scalp, face, inner elbows, backs of knees, and arms. It is not contagious and sometimes eases puberty.
Many patients find that their symptoms worsen at night, making it difficult for them to sleep. Scratching eczema causes more irritation and inflammation of the skin. This can lead to infections that require antibiotic treatment.
When mild eczema flares up, it can sometimes be treated at home by avoiding irritants and moisturizing the skin. However, if symptoms are difficult to control or worsen, it is recommended to see a doctor.
How is eczema treated?
Your primary care physician, dermatologist, or allergist can help you choose the best treatment for eczema. The type and severity of your eczema will determine the best course of therapy for you. A combination of several treatments may prove beneficial.
Over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamines help reduce itching. They work by preventing allergic reactions caused by histamine. It’s better to take them when you don’t have to be awake, as they may make you sleepy.
Hydrocortisone and other low-potency over-the-counter steroids can help treat mild eczema. A doctor may give very strong steroids for moderate or severe eczema.
Eczema, dermatitis, and other skin conditions are treated by experienced doctors at Making Singapore’s famous TCM herbal medicine Singapore. Eczema can be successfully treated with TCM. Eczema is a skin condition that results in a rashy appearance of dry, red, itchy, and irritated skin. It is a widespread disease in Singapore.
How is eczema diagnosed?
Eczema cannot be diagnosed using a specific test. A doctor can often identify the disease by asking about your symptoms and looking at your skin. To help identify eczema triggers, a patch test may sometimes be done.
A patch test can identify specific allergens that cause symptoms such as skin allergies associated with contact dermatitis.
The allergen is applied to a patch that sticks to the skin during the patch test. If an allergen is a trigger for you, your skin will become irritated and inflamed.
What are the risk factors for eczema?
Several things can make it more likely that you will have eczema.
Children with asthma or hay fever, as well as adults who develop these disorders before age 30, are more likely to have eczema.
People with eczema in their families are also more likely to develop eczema.
What are eczema complications?
Some problems that can be caused by eczema include:
Sleep problems: Eczema can disrupt your sleep patterns and make it difficult to fall asleep.
Infected skin: Frequent scratching can expose your skin to bacteria and viruses that can infect you.
Both hay fever and asthma: Children under 12 are especially likely to develop eczema or hay fever.
Scaly, thick skin: Over time, scratching can make your skin thicker and harder.
Other types of eczema: Having one form of eczema often makes you more likely to get another.
How can eczema be avoided?
Eczema flare-ups can be prevented by taking certain precautions. Some of the adjustments that might work best for you can be discussed between you and your doctor.
Typical measures to stop a flare include:
- reducing anxiety
- avoid recognized triggers
- skin cleansing
- limiting the length of showers or baths to 10 minutes or less
- avoid very hot showers or baths
- maintaining skin moisture
- use of laundry, bath, and cosmetic items without dyes and fragrances
- taking pharmaceutical drugs as prescribed
- preventing itchy skin
Eczema cannot be cured, but with the right therapies, the symptoms of the condition can be successfully managed. A combination of medication and lifestyle modifications can be used as treatment.
Eczema sometimes leads to other health problems such as infections, asthma, or worsening skin. Fortunately, identifying appropriate therapies can help avoid problems.