Cultivation of lemon is done for more profitable cultivation. Its plants, once grown fully, give yields for many years. It is a more beneficial crop with less cost. After planting its plants only once, yield can be obtained for 10 years. They only need care after planting. Therefore, its production also increases every year.
Moreover, India is the largest lemon-producing country in the world. Lemon is most commonly used in food. Apart from eating, it is also used for making pickles. Currently, lemon has become a delicious fruit, which many cosmetic and pharmaceutical companies use.
Its plant is bushy, in which branches are also found less. There are small cuts in its branches. The colour of the flowers in lemon plants is white, but when fully grown, their flowers become yellow. The taste of lemon is sour, in which the amount of vitamins A, B and C is high. There is a lot of demand for lemons in the markets and throughout the year, so farmers can earn good money by cultivating lemons. In this article, you are being told about how to grow lemons, which is a good variety of lemons and earning from lemons.
Lemon Cultivation Climate and Suitable Soil
The cultivation of lemon requires sandy loam soil. In addition, it can be easily cultivated in laterite and acidic, alkaline soils. Lemon can be grown in any climate across India. In areas with sub-tropical and semi-arid climates, lemon is produced in large quantities. Lemon is cultivated in large quantities in many parts of the states of Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. Lemon should not be produced in areas where it is cold for a long time because the frost falling in winter is more harmful to its plants.
Lemon Common Varieties
This variety of lemons is grown in large quantities in India. 52% juice content is obtained from kagzi lemon. This variety is not grown commercially.
Pramalini variety is grown commercially. Lemons of this variety are prepared in bunches, in which 30% more production is obtained than paper lemons. Up to 57% juice is obtained from one lemon.
This variety of lemon is grown for a higher yield. The fruits that emerge in the plants of the Vikram variety are in the form of clusters, from which 7 to 10 lemons are obtained from one bunch. Lemons are found in this type of plant throughout the year. In Punjab, it is also known as Punjabi perennial. Apart from this, Chakradhar, PKM-1, and Sai Sharbati are varieties of lemon grown for more juice and yield.
Field Preparation For Lemon
When the lemon plant is fully mature, it yields for many years. Therefore, its field should be prepared well. For this, first of all, the soil should be well ploughed deeply with the Powertrac 445 or Mahindra Jivo 365. Due to this, the remains of the old crop in the soil are completely destroyed. After this, the old cow dung manure should be mixed in the soil after ploughing. After mixing the manure with the soil, the land should be levelled by putting a pat in the field. After this, the pits are prepared for planting the plants in the area.
Planting Season And Transplanting Method
Lemon plants are planted in the form of seedlings. For this, lemon plants should be bought from the nursery. Purchased plants should be one month old and completely healthy. The months of June and August are considered best for transplanting plants. Its plants flourish well in the rainy season. After transplanting, its plants are ready to give produce in three to four years. For planting lemon plants, a distance of 10 feet is kept between the pits prepared in the field, and the size of the pits is 70 to 80 cm wide and 60 cm deep. About 600 plants can be planted in one hectare of field.
Lemon Crop Irrigation
Lemon plants do not require much irrigation. Since planting lemon plants is done during the rainy season, they do not require much irrigation during this period. Therefore, irrigate its plants at regular intervals only. In the winter season, its plants are watered at an interval of 10 to 15 days. If water is given more than this, there may be a problem of water logging in the field, which is also very harmful to the plants.
Lemon Harvesting And Yield
After three to four months of flowering on lemon plants, fruits start coming. After this, the lemons on the plants are separated. Lemon is produced in bunches, and its fruits are ready for harvesting at different times. Make a solution by adding 2.5 gm of chlorinated lemons to one litre of water after cleaning the ripped lemons thoroughly after cleaning the lemons with this solution.
After this, the lemons are dried in a shady place. A full-grown lemon plant yields about 40 KG in a year. About 600 plants can be planted in one hectare of field. According to this, farmer brothers can easily earn up to 3 lakhs from one year’s yield.
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