When you stop breathing briefly while you sleep, you get sleep apnea. It may happen up to 20 to 30 times an hour and continue for 10 to 30 seconds. This may result in up to 400 bouts of disrupted breathing in a single night of sleep.
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Several Sleep Apnea Types
Sleep apnea comes in three different forms:
Obstructive apnea is brought on by a momentary, total, or partial obstruction of the airway.
Central apnea is brought on by a brief inability to exert effort to breathe.
Combining the first two categories, mixed apnea
Do You Have Sleep Apnea Risk?
The following are risk factors for developing sleep apnea:
older than middle age
an extended neck measurement
an apneic family history
structural issues with the nose, throat, or other respiratory tract organs, such as:
significantly enlarged tonsils
nasal septum with deviation
using tranquilizers and sleep aids
Having a drink
Signs of Sleep Apnea
Some signs might be:
fatigue and drowsiness throughout the day
A loud snore
breathing that pauses during night (as noticed by a bed partner)
repeated nighttime awakenings
Inability to focus or memory issues
Easily irritated , easily angered
Individuals who have sleep apnea who are chronically untreated run the risk of:
Taking care of sleep apnea
There are several sleep apnea treatment alternatives available.
Sleep Apnea Behavior Therapy
Your symptoms might be lessened by:
avoiding alcohol, nicotine, sedatives, and sleeping medicines
alternating between side and back sleeping
Increasing your degree of comfort when sleeping using pillows
avoiding using potentially dangerous machinery or driving a vehicle
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) involves sleeping with a mask covering your mouth and/or nose. To keep the tissues from contracting and obstructing the airway, an air blower continuously propels a sufficient amount of air into your airways. Dental devices that maintain the tongue or jaw in a more forward posture may be helpful in certain circumstances.
Learn more about CPAP machines and their functions.
New: An Option to CPAP
If you have trouble using a CPAP machine, you could be eligible for Inspire, a device that functions like a pacemaker and keeps you breathing while you sleep.
Modvigil 200(Provigil) and Modalert 200 is used to treat excessive sleepiness in patients with narcolepsy and residual sleepiness in certain cases of sleep apnea. Scientists believe the drug affects the sleep-wake centers in the brain. The most common side effect is a headache.
Sleep apnea surgery
Your doctor could advise surgery. Pediatric children benefit from it the most often.
Among the surgical procedures used to treat sleep apnea are:
Adenoids and tonsils are removed during an adenotonsillectomy.
Removal of extra soft tissue from the nose and/or throat during uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
Maxillomandibular advancement, or forward movement of the jawbone
Sleep apnea patients who need a tracheotomy have a hole created in their windpipe.