Tense and Its Types: All You Need to Know

The tense of a verb tells us when the action of the verb takes place. You can use past, present, or future tense to indicate the time when something occurs. Here are several examples of the most common tenses in English grammar and what they mean in sentences. These examples will help you better understand how to use the past, present, and future tenses correctly in your own writing and speaking.

What is Tense? Types of Tense.

What is Tense?

There are three tenses in grammar. The present tense, past tense, and future tense. They signify when something happens or when something is going to happen. Every language has these tenses as well, except for languages such as Japanese that only use a form of the present tense.

All types of Tenses

Verb tense describes the time period in which the verb’s action or state of being takes place.

Past tense refers to something that has happened. Present tense refers to something that is happening now. Future tense talks about something that will happen in the future, usually at some point in time from now.

In English grammar there are mainly three types of Tenses. Each three Tenses are further classified into four types. So, there are twelve types of Tenses in English grammar.

1. Simple Present Tense

2. Present Continuous Tense

3. Present Perfect Tense

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

5. Simple Past Tense

6. Past Continuous tense

7. Past Perfect Tense

8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

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9. Simple Future tense

10. Future Continuous Tense

11. Future Perfect Tense

12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Simple Present Tense (formula and Examples)

The simple present tense (also called the present Indefinite) is the default form of English verb tense. To create a sentence in the simple present, use the appropriate subject, a form of to be, and then the main verb. For example, She speaks fluent Spanish. 

Simple Present Tense Examples in Hindi

Present Continuous Tense (formula and Examples)

Present Continuous Tense is a verb tense that always has an ing ending. It focuses on something happening right now, in the present moment. For example, if you’re reading this sentence, then the present continuous tense would be something that you are doing right now while reading it. The sentence I am typing. is in the present continuous tense because you are typing as you read this sentence.

Present Continuous Tense examples in Hindi

Present Perfect Tense (formula and Examples)

The present perfect tense is a combination of the present tense form of the verb to be (is, are) and the past participle of the verb. The past participle always ends in -ed, so present perfect tense is formed by adding has/have or has been. For example, the statement I have been reading tells what happened in the past but it also tells something that’s happening now.

Present Perfect Tense Examples in Hindi

Present Perfect Continuous Tense (formula and Examples)

The present perfect continuous tense is one of the most complicated tenses, but it is easy to form with a little practice. As shown in the formula above, have or has are used to show an action that started in the past and has been continuing up until now.

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Present Perfect Continuous Tense examples in Hindi

Simple Past Tense (formula and Examples)

The simple past tense describes actions in the past. It is often used when someone tells a story, or talks about what they did yesterday. There are four forms of the Simple Past Tense, I/She/He/It +

Simple Past Tense examples in Hindi

Past Continuous Tense (formula and Examples)

The past continuous tense is a verb tense that refers to an action happening in the past. It is usually used when describing an ongoing event.

Past Perfect Tense (formula and Examples)

You use the past perfect tense when you talk about events that happened before something else in the past. It is also used when you talk about an event in the past where a second event happened afterward. 

The formula for this type of tense is had + been + past participle. For example, I had already eaten dinner by the time they called. 

It can also be used as an alternative to the simple past or present perfect tenses if there are many different events in sequence happening at once.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense (formula and Examples)

The past perfect continuous tense is formed by combining the past tense of to be (was, were) with the participle form of to have (had). The passive voice form, (was) being had, also has this structure. The following sentence uses the past perfect continuous tense: I was having a hard time understanding how she could do that.

Simple Future Tense

In simple future tense, the past participle changes based on what it is being combined with. These different verb tenses are taught in many English classes so they are a useful way to communicate with others. When talking about actions that have not yet happened, a verb in simple future tense usually starts with the words will or shall.

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By javed ansari

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