The latest report titled “Zinc Production Cost Report” by Procurement Resource, a global procurement research and consulting firm, provides an in-depth cost analysis of the production process of the Zinc.
|Process Included||Zinc Production Process From Mining|
|Segments Covered||Manufacturing Process: Process Flow, Material Flow, Material Balance|
Raw Material and Product/s Specifications: Raw Material Consumption, Product and Co-Product Generation, Capital Investment
Land and Site Cost: Offsites/Civil Works, Equipment Cost, Auxiliary Equipment Cost, Contingency, Engineering and Consulting Charges, Working Capital
Variable Cost: Raw Material, Utilities
Fixed Cost: Labor Requirement & Wages, Overhead Expenses, Maintenance Charges
Financing Costs: Interest on Working Capital, Interest on Loans
General Sales and Admin Costs
Production Cost Summary
|Currency||US$ (Data can also be provided in local currency)|
|Pricing and purchase options||Basic: US$ 1499|
Premium: US$ 2999
Enterprise: US$ 4799
|Customization Scope||The report can be customized as per the requirements of the customer|
|Post-Sale Analyst Support||360-degree analyst support after report delivery|
Procurement Resource study is based on the latest prices and other economic data available. It also offers additional analysis of the report with detailed breakdown of all cost components (capital investment details, production cost details, economics for another plant location, dynamic cost model). In addition, the report incorporates the manufacturing process with detailed process and material flow, capital investment, operating costs along with financial expenses and depreciation charges.
Procurement Resource’s detailed report describes the stepwise consumption of material and utilities along with a detailed process flow diagram. Furthermore, the study assesses the latest developments within the industry that might influence Zinc production cost, looking into capacity expansions, plant turnarounds, mergers, acquisitions, and investments.
Table of Contents
Procurement Resource Assessment of Zinc Production Process:
1. Zinc Production Process From Mining: This report consists of a detailed cost analysis of zinc through various steps such as mining, roasting, leaching & purification, electrolysis, and melting & casting.
Mining: Zinc is present in the crust of the planet, which is mined and transported to various ports. This zinc is collected by Nyrstar and transports its concentrate across the world. Now, the trainloads of zinc concentrate go through a four-stage roasting process, electrolysis, casting, leaching, and purifying.
Roasting: In this stage, a fluid bed roaster is filled with raw materials, like recycled zinc oxides and zinc concentrate derived from the steel industry. In the roaster, Calcine is formed following the combustion of raw zinc minerals with air. At a temperature of 950 degrees Celsius, calcine turns into a sand-like substance which undergoes a full automation roasting process.
Leaching & Purification: In the Leaching method, calcine is dissolved in sulfuric acid. In this stage, some metals like Lead, gold, silver ore, copper, cadmium, and cobalt are separated to create a purified zine sulphate solution which later moves to the process of electrolysis.
Electrolysis: In this method, electrowinning is used for depositing the zinc present in the solution onto aluminium cathodes. These sheets of zinc are split from the cathodes and shift to casting once the cathodes are removed from the cells. In casting, cathode zine is converted to blocks and ingots following its melting in furnaces. Then the electrolysis step takes place for upto 22 hours. Pure zinc using a lot of voltage, is set on aluminium plates which are later removed from the cells and hold just pure zinc. This zinc is then removed using machines, and the empty plates are returned to the cells, where the process is repeated.
Melting & Casting: In the last stage, zinc is finally remelted and casted into ingots, slabs, and blocks weighing within 25 and 2500 kg. Afterwards, other alloying ingredients are added during the casting of certain alloys.
Zinc (Zn) is a chemical element which is a metal from the Group 12 of the periodic table. It is a low-melting transition metal abundantly present in the planet’s crust. Its atomic number is 30, and its atomic weight is 65.39. the metal looks like a blue-white and lustrous metal with properties like being brittle, having strength, toughness, flexibility, and conductivity.
The zinc market is propelling forward due to its extensive application as a base metal for galvanising steel that prevents corrosion, making it ideal to be used in automobile parts, safety barriers, streetlamp posts, and suspension bridges. Furthermore, zinc is also employed to make die-castings which is further used in industries like, automobile, electrical and hardware, which furthers the market growth. Its variation in the form of zinc oxide is also a vital product used in the production of several products like rubber pharmaceuticals, paints, inks, cosmetics textiles, plastics soaps, batteries, and electrical equipment, and as a white pigment in paints or watercolours, in plastics, photocopier paper, cosmetics, printing inks, and wallpaper which further drives the industry’s expansion.
Key Questions Answered in the Zinc Production Cost Report:
- What are the key drivers propelling the Zinc market?
- What are the various processes used for Zinc production?
- What are the raw materials required to produce Zinc?
- What are the different operations units involved in the production of Zinc?
- What are the manpower and utility requirements in the production process of Zinc?
- What are the various costs engaged in the production of Zinc?
- What are the construction costs involved in setting up a Zinc production facility?
- What are the working capital requirements?
- What is the process of raw material procurement for Zinc production?
- What is the time frame for Zinc plant start-up?
- What is the pricing mechanism of Zinc?
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